Researchers and practioners use the PCIA-II
to understand how adults and children interact with one another through language and behavior while playing. The task involves a structured way of videorecording adults and children as they go on a make-believe
trip to the zoo. Later, the parents and children may be shown
parts of the videorecording and are asked questions about their play.
...Parents and children are
videorecorded as they go on a make-believe trip to the zoo...
This type of psychological
test is called a structured direct observation procedure.
Researchers and clinicians view the video of the observed interaction to
understand aspects of the parent, child, and how they are
relating with one another across various situations. To elicit the parent and child's own understanding
of their behaviors, they may be asked to comment on
the video recording during the video-recall procedure.
...to understand how they
relate across situations...
PCIA-II was developed from the collaboration of psychologists
and graduate students at The Menninger Clinic, University of North
Texas, and the University of Indianapolis. Data from PCIA-II videorecordings
are coded through the thematic analysis of narratives or the quantitative
analysis of coded media. Several behavioral codes have been developed
for the PCIA-II, such as parent attunement, child attachment, child aggression, disengagement, negative and positive
personal comments, physical nurturance, parent negative affect,
parent control, disruption of play, parent disengagement,
self-reliance, and other-reliance.
PCIA-II has been used in the study of children with ADHD, disruptive behavior disorders, depression, or various attachment styles as well as parents who are depressed, at risk of child abuse, custodial grandparents, as well as victims of domestic violence. Studies also examine postive psychology constructs such as predictions of academic or social success in children. Research or clinical work with the instrument has taken place in the USA, Canada, Scotland, Italy, Hong Kong, South Korea, and Australia. Recent work includes a forking of the PCIA-II to develop additional scenarios and coding allowing for the study of a Chinese parenting style, known as "training." Clinicians
may use the PCIA-II as part of the PCIA-II/MAP intervention that involves collaborating with parents to build upon strengths and recognize and modify negative attributions.
PCIA-II/MAP is a manualized treatment that may be used with the PCIA-II...
If you are a researcher
or clinician interested in learning more about the PCIA-II,
please review the articles that are available at this site. You may
want to begin by reading the PCIA-II administration instructions and the introductory article. Other full text peer reviewed journal articles are available by following
the publications link;
and there is also a link to descriptions of current projects.
Email questions or comments to Dr. Holigrocki or Dr. Kaminski.